Soybeans

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General Characteristics
 - Soybean is an important global crop and processed soybean is the largest source of protein feed and second largest source of vegetable oil in the world.
 - The major portion of the global and domestic crop is solvent-extracted with hexane to yield soy oil and obtain soymeal, which is widely used in the animal feed industry. It is estimated that above 85% of the output is crushed worldwide.
 - Though, a very small proportion of the crop is consumed directly by humans, soybean products appear in a large variety of processed foods.
 - The cultivation of soybean is successful in climates with hot summers, with temperatures between 20°C to 30°C being optimum. Temperatures below 20°C and over 40°C are found to retard growth significantly.
 - It can grow in a wide range of soils, with optimum growth in moist alluvial soils with a good organic content.
 - Modern soybean varieties generally reach a height of around 1 m (3 ft), and take 80-120 days from sowing to harvesting.