General Characteristics
 - Wheat is one of the world's three most important cereal crops along with maize and rice. It is reported to be grown domestically from atleast as early as 9000 BC and is now grown in almost all parts of the world.
 - Wheat is a globally important source of dietary carbohydrate (starch) and protein (gluten). Its grain is a staple food used to make flour for leavened, flat and steamed breads, biscuits, cookies, cakes, breakfast cereal, pasta, noodles etc and for fermentation to make beer, alcohol, vodka, or biofuel. It is also used for feeding animals to a limited extent.
 - Different varieties of wheat are grown across the world. The six types of wheat used in modern food production are: Hard red winter, soft red winter, hard red spring, white spring, white winter and durum.